*其他论文*

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⊙第51篇⊙

**Study
on Hydrothermal Cracking of Heavy Oils: Formation of Radical Under Lower Reaction
Temperature**

（下载英语论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在Anal.
Rep. Eng. Res. Inst. Facul. Eng. Univ. Tokyo, vol.59, pp.111发表

使用者请注明论文出处

Jie CHANG（常杰）, Noritatsu TSUBAKI and Kaoru FUJIMOTO

SYNOPSIS

The hydrothermal cracking of heavy
oils, Canadian oil sand bitumen and Arabian heavy vacuum resid, as well as
their model compound were performed over Ni/Al2O3 and NiMo/Al2O3 catalysts
under 663-703 K and 5.0 MPa of hydrogen pressure in a autoclave reactor. The
conversions of heavy oils and their model compound were remarkably enhanced
by adding some free radical initiators, such as peroxide and sulfur. The reaction
mechanism on model compound, 1-phenyldodecane (PhDD), suggested that the hydrogen
in hydrocarbon was easily abstracted by free radicals that were formed from
initiators under lower temperature, and the chain reactions were readily initiated.
Therefore, the conversion was obviously increased even at lower reaction temperature.

⊙第52篇⊙

**Hydrothermal
cracking of Residual Oil**

（下载英文论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在Acta Petrolei
Sinica (Petroleum Processing Section), Vol.17 (1), pp.42发表

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Kaoru Fujimoto, Jie Chang（常杰） and Li Fan

Department of Applied Chemistry, School of Engineering, The University of
Tokyo,

Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan

**Abstract:**Hydrothermal
cracking process of residual oil has been developed by our group for many
years to upgrade heavy oil feedstock into valuable middle distillate products.
It is a tailor-made combined process of thermal cracking and catalytic hydrogenation.
This process can suppress gas and toluene insoluble coke yields and promote
middle distillate yield comparing with thermal cracking process at the same
conversion level. Hydrothermal cracking process was operated at high reaction
temperature (693~733 K) and medium hydrogen partial pressure (3.0~8.0 MPa).
Experiments were conducted in batch autoclave reactors and semi-batch reaction
systems respectively. Series of catalysts were prepared from different supports
(MgO, active carbon, SiO2 and Al2O3) and active metals ( Ni, Mo, Co and W,
etc.). Feedstock such as bitumen, AR (atmospheric resid) and VR (vacuum resid)
were tested. The structure of feedstock and products were characterized by
1H-NMR. The reuse ability and regeneration of catalysts were studied as well.
Alumina-supported catalysts showed better performance and regeneration ability.
The reaction mechanism of hydrothermal cracking was also studied by model
compound and proposed as one consisting of thermal cracking of hydrocarbon
molecules via free radical chain reactions and catalytic quench of free radicals
by hydrogen.

⊙第53篇⊙

**Free-surface
waves and far wakes generated by a floating body in a viscous fluid. Journal
of Hydrodynamics**

（下载英语论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在.
Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp.10-16. Aug. 2003.发表

使用者请注明论文出处

Lu Dong-qiang.(卢东强)

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,
China

Shanghai institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Shanghai University,
Shagnhai, 200072, China

**Abstract: **The free-surface
waves and the flow field due to a body moving on the surface of an incompressible
viscous fluid of infinite depth were studied analytically. The floating body
was modeled as a normal point pressure on the free surface. Based on the Oseen
approximation for governing equations and the linearity assumption for boundary
conditions, the exact solutions in integral form for the free-surface elevation,
the velocities and the pressure were given. By employing Lighthill's two-stage
scheme, the asymptotic representations in far field for large Reynolds numbers
were derived explicitly. The effect of viscosity on the wave profiles was
expressed by an exponential decay factor, which removes the singular behavior
predicted by the potential theory.

**Keywords:** free-surface waves, velocity distribution, floating body,
viscosity, asymptotic representation, Lighthill's two-stage scheme

⊙第54篇⊙

**非线性水波Hamilton系统理论与应用研究进展**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《力学进展》
28卷4期,521-531页,
1998年11月发表

使用者请注明论文出处

张宝善, 卢东强,
戴世强, 程友良

（上海大学，上海市应用数学和力学研究所，上海，200072）

**摘要：** 概述了辛几何理论与辛算法在Hamilton力学中的应用，综述非线性水波的Hamilton理论研究进展。阐述非线性水波Hamilton变分原理与方法的优越性与局限性，探讨KdV方程和BBM方程的Hamilton描述、对称性与守恒律。提出非线性水波Hamilton描述研究中有待进一步研究的问题和解法设想。

**关键词：** Hamilton变分原理，辛几何，非线性水波，Hamilton系统，对称性与守恒律

**Research progress
on theories and applications of Hamiltonian system in nonlinear water waves **

Zhang Baoshan, Lu Dongqiang,
Dai Shiqiang, Cheng Youliang

(Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics & Mechanics, Shanghai University,
Shanghai, China, 200072)

**Abstract: **This paper is
a summary of the applications of symplectic theories algorithms to Hamiltonian
mechanics and the research progress Hamiltonian formulation for nonlinear
water waves. The advantages and limitations of Hamiltonian variational principle
and approaches for nonlinear water waves are discussed. In addition, it includes
also discussions on the Hamiltonian formalism, symmetry and conservation laws
of KdV equation and BBM equation and comments on the problems concerned.

**Keywords: **Hamiltonian principle, symplectic geometry, nonlinear water
waves, Hamiltonian systems, symmetry and conservation laws.

⊙第55篇⊙

**新型Poisson
括号意义下的无穷维Lie代数**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《力学学报》
1998年30卷3期,307-313页,
1998年5月发表

使用者请注明论文出处

张宝善, 卢东强,
戴世强

（上海大学，上海市应用数学和力学研究所，上海，200072）

**摘要：** 本文首先针对DdV方程的Hamilton形式，建立一种比较容易验证的新型Poisson括号和无穷维Lie代数。其次，研究KdV方程的Hamilton形式的第一积分与新型Poisson括号的关系，得到判定第一积分的充分必要条件。最后，构造KdV方程的第一积分。

**关键词：** KdV方程，Hamilton形式，第一积分，Poisson括号，无穷维Lie代数

**Infinite-Dimensional Lie Algebra
With a New Poisson Bracket **

Zhang Baoshan, Lu Dongqiang,
Dai Shiqiang

(Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics & Mechanics, Shanghai University,
Shanghai, China, 200072)

**Abstract: **For the
Hamiltonian formulation of the Korteweg-de Vires equation (KdV equation),
C.S. Gardner defined a Poisson bracket. In this paper a brand-new bracket
is defined. It is easily verified that new bracket possesses three properties
of the Poisson bracket, bilinearity, skew symmetry, Jacobi identity. The new
Poisson bracket has a close connection with C.S. Gardner's definition. In
the framework of the new Poisson bracket, all the first integrals of the KdV
equation constitute an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra. Then the necessary
and sufficient conditions for identifying the first integrals are obtained.
Finally, the method for finding first integrals of KdV equation is investigated.

**Keywords: **KdV equation, Hamiltonian formulation, first integral, Poisson
bracket, infinite-dimensional, Lie algebra..

⊙第56篇⊙

**计算机辅助创新概念设计方法研究**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《Proceedings
of the 5th International Conference on Frontiers of Design and Manufacturing
(ICFDM'2002)》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

(ISTP收录本文)

赖朝安 孙延明 黄平 郑时雄

（华南理工大学 机械工程学院 广州 510640）

**摘 要：** 依据多级菱形思维模型，分析基于实例的推理、遗传算法的不足并指出其深层原因是不符合多级菱形思维模型。提出引入聚类分析方法，用实例检索、聚类分析与遗传算法优化模拟多级菱形思维过程。通过减少从用户需求到产品结构的映射次数以保证第一次收敛的效果，定义产品结构相似性并推导出相似度计算公式以实现聚类分析，并依此改进实例检索效果与遗传算法性能来促进创新设计。

**关键词：**创新设计；基于实例的推理（CBR）；聚类分析（CA）；遗传算法（GA）

中图分类号：TH122 文献标识码：A

**RESEARCH ON COMPUTER–AIDED
CREATIVE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN METHOD **

LAI Chaoan, SUN Yanming,
HUANG Ping, ZHENG Shixiong

Institute of Mechanical Engineering, South China University of Technology,
Post Code 510640

**ABSTRACT:**According to the
model of multilevel rhombus thought (MRT), the drawbacks in CBR and GA were
analyzed and it was pointed out that the fundamental reason to their drawbacks
was their deviating from the model of MRT. Cluster analysis method was applied
with a view to bind CBR, cluster analysis and GA together to simulate a MRT
process. It was pointed out that mapping times from customer needs to physical
structure should be reduced in order to guarantee the effect of first convergence.
The definition of similarity and the arithmetic formula of similarity measure
for physical structure were put forth in order to carry out cluster analysis.
Above method improves the effect of case retrieval and the performance of
GA and aid in the design of creative artifacts.

**Keywords: ** Creative designing; Case-Based Reasoning (CBR); Cluster
analysis; Genetic Algorithms (GA)

⊙第57篇⊙

**Multiple
travelling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations using a unified
algebraic method**

（下载英语论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND GENERAL 35 (2002) 6853–6872 》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

(SCI收录本文)

Engui Fan（范恩贵）

Institute of Mathematics, Key Laboratory for Nonlinear Mathematical Models
and Methods,

Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People’s Republic of China

**Abstract：**A
new direct and unified algebraic method for constructing multiple travelling
wave solutions of general nonlinear evolution
equations is presented and implemented
in a computer algebraic system. Compared with most of the existing
tanhmethods, the Jacobi elliptic functionmethod or other sophisticated
methods, the proposed method not only gives new
and more general solutions, but also provides
a guideline to classify the various types of the travelling wave
solutions according to the values of some parameters. The solutions
obtained in this paper include (a) kink-shaped
and bell-shaped soliton solutions, (b)
rational solutions, (c) triangular periodic solutions and (d) Jacobi and
Weierstrass doubly periodic wave solutions. Among
them, the Jacobi elliptic periodic wave
solutions exactly degenerate to the soliton solutions at a certain
limit condition. The efficiency of the method
can be demonstrated on a large variety
of nonlinear evolution equations such as those considered in this
paper, KdV–MKdV, Ito’s fifth MKdV, Hirota, Nizhnik–Novikov–Veselov,
Broer–Kaup, generalized coupledHirota–Satsuma,
coupled Schr¨odinger–KdV, (2 + 1)-dimensional
dispersive long wave, (2 + 1)-dimensional Davey– Stewartson
equations. In addition, as an illustrative sample, the properties of
the soliton solutions and Jacobi doubly periodic solutions for the Hirota
equation are shown by some figures. The links
among our proposed method, the tanh method,
extended tanh method and the Jacobi elliptic function method are
clarified generally.

⊙第58篇⊙

**A
family of completely integrable multi-Hamiltonian systems explicitly related
to some celebrated equations**

（下载英文论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《JOURNAL
OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 42, NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER 2001:4327-4344》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

(SCI收录本文)

Engui Fan（范恩贵）

Institute of Mathematics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People’s Republic
of China

~Received 2 October 2000; accepted for publication 4 June 2001

By introducing a spectral problem with an arbitrary parameter, we derive a Kaup–Newell-type hierarchy of nonlinear evolution equations, which is explicitly related to many important equations such as the Kundu equation, the Kaup–Newell ~KN! equation, the Chen–Lee–Liu ~CLL! equation, the Gerdjikov–Ivanov ~GI! equation,the Burgers equation, the modified Korteweg-deVries ~MKdV! equation and the Sharma–Tasso–Olver equation. It is shown that the hierarchy is integrable in Liouville’s sense and possesses multi-Hamiltonian structure. Under the Bargann constraint between the potentials and the eigenfunctions, the spectral problem is nonlinearized as a finite-dimensional completely integrable Hamiltonian system. The involutive representation of the solutions for the Kaup–Newell-type hierarchy is also presented. In addition, an N-fold Darboux transformation of the Kundu equation is constructed with the help of its Lax pairs and a reduction technique. According to the Darboux transformation, the solutions of the Kundu equation is reduced to solving a linear algebraic system and two first-order ordinary differential equations. It is found that the KN, CLL, and GI equations can be described by a Kundu-type derivative nonlinear Schro¨dinger equation involving a parameter. And then, we can construct the Hamiltonian formulations, Lax pairs and N-fold Darboux transformations for the Kundu, KN, CLL, and GI equations in explicit and unified ways.

⊙第59篇⊙

**三维边坡稳定性极限平衡分析系统软件SLOPE^3D的设计及应用**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《岩石力学与工程学报.2003,22(7):1121-1125
》发表

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姜清辉 ,2 王笑海2 丰定祥2 冯树仁2

（1.武汉大学水力发电工程系 武汉430072；2.中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 武汉 430071）

**摘要: ** 为了拓展三维极限平衡法在实际工程中的广泛应用，边坡稳定性分析可视化系统软件3D_SLOPE被研制和发展。它由前处理、极限平衡分析求解器和后处理组成，前处理核心是构造三维边坡地质模型，后处理主要是计算结果分析和可视化图形显示。该系统将边坡工程地质信息三维可视化技术和稳定性分析有机地结合起来，由于其良好的用户界面和高质量的三维图形显示能力，人们能够容易地将其应用到实际边坡工程问题。

**关键词: ** 边坡稳定性分析 ，极限平衡法 ，三维可视化

**Three Dimensional Limit Equilibrium Analysis System Software
3D_SLOPE
for Slope Stability and its Application**

Jiang Qinghui1 Wang Xiaohai2 Feng Dingxiang2 Feng Shuren2

(1College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Wuhan University,430072,China)

(2 Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Wuhan 430071)

**Abstract ** In order to pursue three-dimensional limit
equilibrium analysis methods to widely practical applications, an interactive
visualization system software 3D_SLOPE for slope stability analysis has been
developed. It contains the pre-processor, the limit equilibrium analysis solver
and the post-processor. In the pre-processor, the construction of three-dimensional
geological model of the slope structure provides geoinformation presentation
for the limit equilibrium solver. In the post-processor, the effective three-dimensional
visualization of data sets can assist the user with interpretation and analysis
of the calculation results. The 3D_SLOPE system combined 3-D visualization
of geoinformation in slope engineering with limit equilibrium analysis for
slope stability. Because of its user-friendly interface and high-quality 3-D
graphics capabilities, the geotechnical engineers can easily apply 3D_SLOPE
to practical engineering problems.

**Key Words ** analysis of slope stability, limit equilibrium method, three-dimensional
visualization

⊙第60篇⊙

**A
Model of Point-to-Face Contact for Three-Dimensional Discontinuous Deformation
Analysis**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《Rock
Mechanics and Rock Engineering. August 18, 2003 # Springer-Verlag》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

Q. H. Jiang1（姜清辉） and M. R. Yeung2

1State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science

Wuhan University, Wuhan, P.R. China

2Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,
P.R. China

Received August 30, 2002; accepted April 7, 2003

**Summary:**The key to three-dimensional discontinuous deformation
analysis (3D DDA) is a rigorous contact theory that governs the interaction
of many three-dimensional blocks. This theory must provide algorithms to judge
contact types and locations and the appropriate state of each contact, which
can be open, sliding or locked. This paper presents a point-to-face contact
model, which forms a part of the contact theory, to be used in 3D DDA. Normal
spring, shear spring and frictional force submatrices are derived by vector
analysis and the penalty method. Also given are the ‘‘openclose’’ iteration
criteria and operations performed for different changes in contact state.
Sliding at a contact can occur in any direction parallel to the contact face,
as opposed to one of two directions in two-dimensional DDA. This point-to-face
contact model has been implemented into a 3D DDA computer program, and numerical
results from several test cases demonstrate the validity of the model and
the capability of the program.

**Keywords: ** 3D DDA, point-to-face contact, open-close iteration.

⊙第61篇⊙

**Dosing
system for the nanolitre range,fabricated with the AMANDA process**

（下载英语论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS
AND MICROENGINEERING. 13 (2003) S85–S90》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

P Shao(邵培革), Z Rummler and WK Schomburg

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut f¨ur Mikrostrukturtechnik, Postfach
3640,D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany

**Abstract:**We present a dosing system, which consists of
four microvalves (presented by Rogge et al in the Proceedings of Eurosensors
XVI, Prague, 2002,pp 109–110) for controlling and a movable membrane for flow
measurement that divides a cavity into two chambers. The flow rate is determined
from the straining of the membrane caused by the entering fluid. The displaced
volume is detected by strain gauges integrated in the membrane. The overall
dimensions of the membrane and the entire system are 2 mm and 10 × 50 × 6
mm3, respectively. A simple control was coded for dosing a certain amount
of volume. This simple system has already achieved an accuracy of about 10%.
The dosing system is manufactured with the AMANDA process, which allows for
low-cost production of microcomponents from polymers.

⊙第62篇⊙

**Polymer
micro piezo valve with a small dead volume**

（下载英文论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《INSTITUTE
OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING. 14 (2004)
305–309》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

Peige Shao1(邵培革), Zeno Rummler2 and Werner Karl Schomburg3

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut f¨ur Mikrostrukturtechnik, Postfach
3640, D-76021,Karlsruhe, Germany

**Abstract:**A polymer valve with a small dead volume in
the range of 6 nl and a response time faster than 1 ms is presented. The valve
structure is simple and therefore easy to fabricate by injection molding or
hot embossing. A layer of silicone rubber applied by a stamping technique
not only promotes the sealing of the valve but also defines the gluing area
during assembly. The fabrication is based on the AMANDA-process, which allows
low-cost batch production of polymer micro devices.

⊙第63篇⊙

**溜冰机器人运动学分析**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《上海交通大学学报》2002,36
(9):1365－1369发表

使用者请注明论文出处

宋立博, 吕恬生, 张家梁, 费燕琼

(上海交通大学机械工程学院，上海，200030)

**摘要：**依据Roller-walker和ALDURO重新设计了采用腿轮混合结构的溜冰机器人。在简要介绍常规的运动学分析方法的基础上，建立了相关的惯性坐标系和滚轮坐标系，并根据滚轮在法向无滑动、切向作纯滚动的假设建立了中心定位轮的运动约束方程。然后，建立了机器人的运动学模型，并讨论了机器人的移动性问题，得出机器人存在运动的条件。同时，设计了溜冰机器人运动学状态空间表达式。最后，以溜冰机器人为例分析了其转弯和直线滑行时的运动学问题。

**关键词 ** 溜冰机器人，移动机器人，运动学，状态空间

中图分类号: TP242.1 文献标识码 A

**Kinematic Analysis of Ice-Skater Robot**

SONG Li-bo LÜ Tian-sheng ZHANG Jia-liang FEI Yan-qiong

(School of Mechanical Engineering of Shanghai Jiao Tong University，Shanghai，200030)

**ABSTRACT ** A Ice-skater Robot of leg-wheel type is redesigned
according to Roller-walker and ALDURO. On the basis of introduction of kinematic
analysis methods, the paper founds the stationary coordinate system and the
wheel coordinate system respectively. Meanwhile, the kinematic constraint
equations of the standard centered orientable wheel is founded on the assumption
that there is no slippage in normal direction and pure rolling in tangential
direction of the wheels. Then, the kinematic model is modeled and the mobility
is discussed in the paper. And the motion condition equation of the robot
is gotten in sequence. Meanwhile, the paper designs the kinematic state space
representation of the Ice-skater Robot. At last, the paper analyzes the kinematics
of the Ice-skater Robot when it turns and skates forwards respectively.

**KEYWORDS** Ice-skater Robot，Mobile robot,，Kinematics，State space

⊙第64篇⊙

**The
core doninance parameter of extragalactic radio sources**

（下载英文论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《Asronomy
& Astrophysics June 11, 2003,1–14》发表

使用者请注明论文出处

J.H. Fan and J.S. Zhang

Certer for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510400, China

**Abstract: ** In this paper, based on a paper by Liu Zhang(2002),
we have chosen a sample of 542 extragalactic sources, for which we have calculated
the core-dominance parameters and investigated the relation between core-dominance
parameter and the core and extended luminosities. The core-dominance parameter
of galaxies is smaller than that in quasars, which is smaller than that in
BL Lac objects.

**Key words ** BL Lacertae objects; general, galaxies; quasars-galaxies;
Seyfert-galaxies; jet

⊙第65篇⊙

**基于小波变换和模糊算法的医学图像的边缘检测算法**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《大连理工大学学报》Vol.42,No.4.2002：504－508发表

使用者请注明论文出处

袁野1.2 欧宗瑛2

(1．大连理工大学自动化系，大连，116024 2．大连理工大学机械系CAD&CG研究所，大连，116024）

**摘要：**在医学图像三维显示技术中，需要得到单象素级的清晰轮廓线。为了适应这种需求，本文提出了一种边缘检测算法，它基于Mallat小波模极大值边缘检测方法，同时应用模糊数学的原理为模极大值构造相应的隶属函数，对得到的极大值进行进一步筛选，最终可以得到单象素级的边缘。实验结果证明了该算法的可行性。

**关键字：**小波变换，边缘检测，模极大值，隶属函数，模糊算法

**A Method of Edge
Detection Based on Wavelet Transform and Fuzzy Algorithm**

Yuan Ye 1.2 Zhong Chongquan2
Ou Zongying 2

（1．Automation
Department, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024）

（2．CAD&CG
lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian,
116024）

**Abstract: ** In 3D render
technique of medical images, we need edges which are single pixel. In order
to meet this need, we proposed a method of edge detection, which based on
Mallat wavelet model maximum edge detection algorithm and fuzzy algorithm.
We designed a membership function for model maximum and pick suitable model
maximum , then the edge of single pixel can be detected. The experimental
results show that the algorithm is feasible.

**Keyword****s:**
wavelet transform, edge detection, model maximum, membership function, fuzzy
algorithm

⊙第66篇⊙

**应用神经网络隐式视觉模型进行立体视觉的三维重建**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《计算机辅助设计与图形学学报》,2003,15(3):293-296上发表

使用者请注明论文出处

袁野1.2 欧宗瑛2 田中旭3

(1． 大连理工大学自动化系，大连，116024) (2.大连理工大学机械学院CAD&CG研究所，大连，116024）

（3．上海大学机器人中心，上海，200072）

**摘要：**针对传统的基于精确数学模型的立体视觉方法过程繁琐的不足，本文提出了一种应用BP神经网络隐式视觉模型进行三维重建的算法，将多个标定平面放置在有效视场内，用神经网络模拟立体视觉由两个二维图像重建三维几何的过程，经过网络训练建模后，无须摄像机标定即可进行三维重建。仿真实验结果证明了该方法比较简单，且能保持较高的精度。

**关键字：**BP网络，立体视觉，三维重建

**3D Reconstruction
in Stereo Vision using Neural Networks implicit vision model**

Yuan Ye 1.2 Ou Zongying 2 Tian
Zhongxu3

（1．Automation
Department, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024）

（2．CAD&CG
lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian,
116024）(3.Robot Center ,Shanghai University
,Shanghai, 200072)

**Abstract: **
The classical stereo vision algorithms based on explicit model are very complicated,
an algorithm of stereo vision based on BP neural networks implicit vision
model was proposed in this paper. Multi calibration planes were placed in
the effective view field, neural network was used to approximate the process
from two image points to the 3D point, after training the BP networks a implicit
model was built, the 3D points can be reconstructed without the complicated
calibration. The experimental results show that the algorithm gains simplicity
and high accuracy.

**Keywords:** neural networks，stereo
vision，3D Reconstruction

⊙第67篇⊙

**三江平原毛果苔草湿地光辐射能的利用与分配**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《水生生物学报》2003，27（5）：502-506上发表

使用者请注明论文出处

何池全 李 蕾 顾 超 陆晓怡

（上海大学环境科学与工程系, 上海, 200072）

**摘要：**毛果苔草湿地的物理过程观测设在中国科学院三江平原沼泽湿地生态实验站内，用美国CID公司出品的光合仪对典型湿地中几种优势植物的光合能力进行测定；在80。C干燥的植物样品（含各种不同的构件），粉碎后，分别称量约1g左右，用美国公司Parr型氧弹式热量计测定；研究发现毛果苔草湿地建群种中毛果苔草的净光合速率最大,
为47.41μmol·m-2·s-1。以太阳总辐射能和生长季内光合有效辐射为基础计算出各器官的能量利用效率计, 极大值是细根, 分别为1.3945%和3.1879%,
极小值是穗, 分别为0.0020%和0.0046%，毛果苔草种群的能量利用率为2.54%。湿地不同植物群落地下部分的能量含量分布中毛果苔草群落的地下部分能量含量的平均值最大。这说明毛果苔草种群具有较高的能量转化效率，并将大部分能量储存在地下部分。在不同层次的能量含量分配中，随着土壤深度的增加，地下部分的能量含量是趋于递减趋势的。

**关键词：**毛果苔草；湿地生态系统；光合作用；初级生产效率；地下器官能量含量

**The utilization and distribution of the
sunshine radiant energy of Carex lasiocarpa wetland in Sanjiang Plain**

He Chiquan Li Lei Gu Chao Lu Xiaoyi

(Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai University;Shanghai,200072)

**Abstract: ** Carex lasiocarpa is a rhizomatous clonal species
of mire wetlands in Northeastern of China. The fieldwork about physical process
of Carex lasiocarpa wetlands was carried out in the Shangjiang Plain Mire
Wetlands Ecological Experiment Station in Chinese Academy of Science in Northeastern
of China (47。31`N, 133。31`E). The field work was carried out in a typical
Carex lasiocarpa wetlands, which areas is 200×450m2 and it can divided into
three areola, namely the determined areola of biomass; the determined areola
of wither biomass and its decompose areola, and then it was setup each other
which was used to sampling and observation from May to October in 1998-1999，the
frequency was about 30d, the sampling area was 1×1 m2 with 2~3 times. The
plants were divided into different compartments, in which is leaf, sheath,
rhizome, inflorescence, spike, radicula and dead standing sampling, and dried
to constand weight at 80。C, after which they were ground and samples were
taken for analysis. The plant caloric value is determined by Parr type Oxygen
bomb heat meter which is made in America. The photosynthesis is determined
by photosynthesis meter, which is made in CID company in America; is analys
Plant photosynthesis is the original force to impel and to support the whole
ecosystem, we found that the net photosynthesis rate of Carex lasiocarpa is
biggest than others in Carex lasiocarpa wetland, which is 47.41μmol·m-2·s-1.
In the basis of the overall sunshine radiation and the photosynthesis availability
radiation to count the energy utilization rate of each organs/component, the
maximum is radicula, which are 1.3945% and 3.1879%, the minimal value is spike,
which are 0.0020% and 0.0046%，the energy utilization efficiency of Carex lasiocarpa
population is 2.54%. The average value of underground organs/components energy
content of Carex lasiocarpa community is biggest than its in others community,
which showed that C. lasiocarpa had higher energy productive efficiency and
most energy was stored in their under-ground part, the reason for these were
also discussed. In the allocation of energy content in different underground
layer, with the increase of soil depth, energy content in different underground
layer is decrease by degrees.

**Keywords:** Carex lasiocarpa, wetland ecosystem, photosynthesis, primary
production efficiency, energy content

⊙第68篇⊙

**THE
ALLELOPATHIC EFFECT OF Acorus tatarinowii UPON ALGAE**

（下载英语论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在*Journal of Environmental Science.* 2001, 13(4):481-484上发表

使用者请注明论文出处

Chiquan He(何池全)

The department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Shanghai University;
Shanghai 200072, China

Changke Wang（王长科）

Changchun Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences，Changchun, 130021，China)1

**Abstract: ** Besides competing with algae for light and
mineral nutrients (i.e. N, P, etc.), the root system of Acorus tatarinowii
excretes some chemical substances, which injure and eliminate alga cells,
to inhibit the growth of the algae. When the algae cells were treated in "A.
tatarinowii water", some of the chlorophyll a were destroyed and the photosynthetic
rate of algae decreased markedly and the ability of alga cells to deoxidize
triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) reduced greatly. Then alga cells turned
from bright red to bluish green under fluorescence microscope. These showed
that the allelopathic effects of A. tatarinowii on algae were obvious and
planting A. tatarinowii can control some green algae. The experiment on the
extractions of the secretions of the root system showed that the inhibitory
effect had a concentration effect. If the concentration of the root secretion
was below 30ul/disc, the inhibitory rate was negative; if it was over 45ul/disc,
the inhibitory rate was positive. This proved that the influence of the root
secretion on the same acceptor was a kind of concentration effect. When the
concentration of the root secretion was low, it promoted the growth of algae;
when the concentration reached a definite threshold value, it restrained the
growth of algae. In present case, the threshold value was between 30 ul/disc
and 45 ul/disc.

**Keywords:** Acorus tatarinowii Allelopathy Algae Wetlands

第69篇⊙

**钢筋混凝土柱“强剪弱弯”设计可靠性分析**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《水利学报》 2002(4):88-92,96上发表

使用者请注明论文出处

马宏旺

（大连理工大学海岸及近海工程国家重点实验室，辽宁 大连 116024）

**摘要：**基于现行建筑抗震设计规范（GBJ11-89），把钢筋混凝土柱的设计参数看作随机变量，柱的破坏看作由抗弯与抗剪失效模式组成的串联体系，采用Monte
Carlo模拟法，分析了钢筋混凝土柱“强剪弱弯”设计的可靠性。重点分析了不同轴压比下，钢筋混凝土框架柱剪切破坏先于弯曲破坏发生的概率，为合理的确定剪切增强系数提供分析参考。

关键词：钢筋混凝土柱 强剪弱弯 可靠性分析 Monte Carlo模拟

**Reliability Analysis for Strong
Shear-Weak Bending Design of Reinforced Concrete Columns**

Reliability Analysis for Strong
Shear-Weak Bending Design of Reinforced Concrete Columns

Ma Hongwang

(Civil Engineering, Dalian University of Technology,116023)

**Abstract: ** Based on current
seismic design code, design parameters of reinforced concrete columns are
considered as random variables. Failure mode of columns is considered as series
system. Reliability of Strong shear-weak bending design is analyzed by Monte
Carlo simulation method. The probability of shear failure prior to flexural
failure is obtained, Aiming to provided to reference for determining shear
strength factor.

**Keywords:** reinforced concrete column Strong shear-Weak bending reliability
analysis Monte Carlo simulation

第70篇⊙

**钢筋混凝土框架梁基于可靠度理论的抗震优化设计**

（下载论文全文请点击上面的链接）

注意：本论文已在《建筑结构》 2003，9上发表

使用者请注明论文出处

马宏旺 吕西林

（同济大学土木学院结构工程与防灾研究所，200092，上海）

**摘要：**针对混凝土设计规范（GB 50010-2002）中，矩形、T形和I形截面的一般框架梁抗剪设计进行可靠度评估。把梁的设计参数（混凝土强度、箍筋配筋率、钢筋强度、自重荷载效应和地震作用效应）看作随机变量，采用Monte
Carlo 模拟法，得出按新规范设计不同抗震等级梁的抗剪可靠指标的变化范围。把设计参数分别看作确定性变量和随机变量，文中针对新、旧规范（GBJ10-89）的抗剪设计安全性进行了比较分析。结果表明按照新规范进行梁的抗剪设计比旧规范更安全。

**关键词：**钢筋混凝土梁 抗剪 可靠度 Monte Carlo模拟

**Reliability Evaluation of
Seismic Shear Design for Reinforced Concrete Beams**

Ma Hongwang , Lu Xilin

(Civil Engineering Department of Tongji University, ShangHai 200092,China)

**Abstract:** Reliability evaluation
for seismic shear design of general reinforced concrete frame beams designed
following The Code(GB 50010-2002)is finished. The design parameters such as
strength of concrete, strength of steel, gravity load and earthquake action
are regarded as random variables. Seismic shear reliability index of the beams
is obtained by Monte Carlo simulation method. At the same time, from two aspects
of determination and uncertainty, safety of seismic shear design of beams
is compared between the new code(GB50010-2002) and the old code(GBJ10-89).
The results indicated that shear design of beams following the new code is
more safety than following the old code.

**Key words:** reinforced concrete beam; shear design; reliability

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